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OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 and Its Policy Implications
Evolving from a data network of wire-connected computers to a broader network of portable devices, the Internet has become fundamental infrastructure in our economy. Supported by time series data, OECD Internet Economy Outlook 2012 begins with an overview of trends. It highlights how the Internet sector has proven to be resilient during the recent economic crisis. It then examines the various drivers and impacts of Internet use and deployment, as well as emerging technologies, e-health, digital content, security and privacy, and it also discusses a methodology for measuring the Internet economy. This raises many important socioeconomic and political issues, as economies and societies become increasingly intertwined.
Supreme Court Cases of Interest to the Higher Education Community
The U.S. Supreme Court began its fall term on Monday, October 1, 2012. Among the array of cases it has agreed to hear, two are of interest to the higher education community. The first of these, to be argued on October 10th, is Fisher v. University of Texas. In this case a white student who was denied admission to University of Texas at Austin is suing the University on the grounds that its use of race in admissions decisions is unconstitutional.
ECPA Amendment Adopted
On September 20, 2012, the Senate Judiciary Committee adopted an amendment that would require law enforcement officers to obtain a warrant in order to access the contents of email and other electronic communications. The amendment to the Senate version of the Video Privacy Protection Act (H.R. 2471) would update the 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA), which currently extends the warrant requirement only to email 180 days old or less, and does not protect documents stored “in the cloud” by remote computing services. The Committee is expected to take up the bill again when it returns after the November elections.
As the Center for Democracy and Technology (CDT) noted,
Copyright and Other Intellectual Property Topics at EDUCAUSE 2012
As you plan your sessions for the EDUCAUSE 2012 Annual Conference (E12) in Denver, CO (November 6-9, 2012) and Online, I want to highlight sessions that focus on copyright and other intellectual property (IP) issues (i.e., licensing and contracts) that you might want to consider attending. While each speaker listed brings expertise and knowledge to the subject and whose sessions will be well worth your time to attend, I want to particularly point to the session (specifics below) featuring Cary Sherman of the Recording Industry of America Association (RIAA). The RIAA was a vocal proponent of the “anti-piracy” SOPA-PIPA legislation, and it has actively engaged with campuses around the peer-to-peer (P2P) file sharing issues. Mr.
ECPA Reform Tied to the Video Privacy Protection Act: Senate Mark-Up Set and EDUCAUSE Joins Letter in Support
The Senate Judiciary Committee will take action on September 20, 2012 on an update of the Video Privacy Protection Act(H.R. 2471), which the House passed in December 2011, and attach provisions to that bill that would amend parts of the 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA). On Thursday, September 13, 2012, Judiciary Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-VT) introduced his amendment to the Video Privacy Protection Act that would prevent companies from sharing customer emails without a search warrant in most cases. Leahy’s amendment would require the authorities to get a probable-cause warrant from a judge to access electronic information.
E-Book Settlement and What It Means
A federal judge has approved the U.S. Justice Department's settlement with three publishers of electronic books accused of conspiring in a price-fixing scheme. The ruling released on September 6, 2012 disregards the objections of Apple, other book publishers, book sellers, and authors who argued the settlement will empower Amazon.com to destroy the "literary ecosystem" with deep discounting that they say they cannot afford to match.
Electronic Communications Privacy Act Modernization Act of 2012
The Electronic Communications Privacy Act Modernization Act of 2012 (H.R. 6339), sponsored by Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) and Rep. John Conyers Jr. (D-MI), aims to bring legislation originally enacted as the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA) in 1986 up to date with technology and clarifying issues of electronic privacy. The bill was introduced on August 2, 2012.
A Change to Google’s Search Algorithm: Another Copyright Issue
As of Monday, August 13, 2012, Google has made a change to its search algorithm downgrading websites that persistently breach copyright laws. This means that the company will now adjust search results so that websites suspected of copyright infringement will appear further down the list of results links where they will likely receive less traffic. Google announced the change in a blog post, written by Amit Singhal, Senior Vice President for Engineering. In it he said:
…”we will begin taking into account a new signal in our rankings: the number of valid copyright removal notices we receive for any given site. Sites with high numbers of removal notices may appear lower in our results.”
Singhal goes on to say:
Georgia State Prevails
On Friday, August 10, 2012, Judge Orinda Evans issued her order for declarative and injunctive relief in the Georgia State copyright infringement case. This order followed her May 11, 2012 opinion (See EDUCAUSE Policy Brief for background information.). The ruling was on the remedy for the plaintiffs’ claims of infringement for the 5 out of 99 violations resulting from the library’s e-reserve policies. The plaintiffs included Cambridge University Press, Oxford University Press, and SAGE Publishers. The order denies the plaintiffs’ request. She ordered the defendants to make sure that the University’s copyright policies are “not inconsistent” with her May opinion and to disseminate to faculty and relevant staff at Georgia State the essential points of both rulings.
The State of Federal Privacy and Data Security Law: Lagging Behind the Times?
On July 31, 2012, the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs held a hearing entitled, “The State of Federal Privacy and Data Security Law: Lagging Behind the Times?” The hearing was held in conjunction with legislation introduced to update the Privacy Act of 1974. “Despite dramatic technological changes over the last four decades, much of the Privacy Act remains stuck in the 1970s,” said Sen. Daniel Akaka (D-HI), chairman of the Homeland Security Oversight of Government Management Subcommittee, during his opening statement.