© 2005 Malcolm Brown
EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 40, no. 4 (July/August 2005): 30.
Learning Space Design Theory and Practice
Perhaps for as long as academicians have been conducting research, a challenge has been how to take the harvest from research and apply it in practice. This bridging (or perhaps mapping) of learning theory to practice is still the key for any department or institution that is striving to design or redesign its learning spaces. The first two articles in this issue of EDUCAUSE Review clearly make this point. It is vital to give coherence and consistency to the design of learning spaces by balancing learning theory, faculty and student culture, institutional goals, and resources, all in the face of a rapidly changing digital environment.
The table below is an attempt to map from the Net Generation’s characteristics to learning theory, and then from theory to learning space applications and the technology that might support those applications. Like any other document that points to specific technologies, it has a short shelf life. But the table calls attention to the need to have learning space design informed by a number of factors; and it thus provides a point of departure for campus design teams embarking on the task of facilitating current and future teaching and learning activities. Experience has shown that it is perilous to try to move directly from research to practice. Only when cultural, social, and institutional factors are considered can opportunities and possibilities emerge for the design of learning spaces, formal and informal, that work for both students and faculty.
|Net Gen Trait||Learning Theory Principles||Learning Space Application||IT Application|
|Group activity oriented||Collaborative, cooperative, supportive||Small-group work spaces||IM chat; virtual whiteboards; screen sharing|
|Goal and achievement oriented||Metacognition; formative assessment||Access to tutors, consultants, and faculty in the learning space||Online formative quizzes; e-portfolios|
|Multitaskers||Active||Table space for a variety of tools||Wireless|
|Experimental; trial-and-error learners||Multiple learning paths||Integrated lab facilities||Applications for analysis and research|
|Heavily reliant on network access||Multiple learning resources||IT highly integrated into all aspects of learning spaces||IT infrastructure that fully supports learning space functions|
|Pragmatic and inductive||Encouraging of discovery||Availability of labs, equipment, and access to primary resources||Availability of analysis and presentation applications|
|Ethnically diverse||Engagement of preconceptions||Accessible facilities||Accessible online resources|
|Visual||Environmental factors; importance of culture and group aspects of learners||Shared screens (either projector or LCD); availability of printing||Image databases; media editing programs|
|Interactive||Compelling and challenging material||Workgroup facilitation; access to experts||Variety of resources; no "one size fits all"|
Adapted from Table 2 in Malcolm Brown, "Learning Spaces," chapter 12 of Educating the Net Generation, ed. Diana G. Oblinger and James L. Oblinger (Boulder, Colo.: EDUCAUSE, 2005), e-book, available at http://www.educause.edu/LearningSpaces/6072.