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Policymakers and the public view higher education achievement as central to the economic viability of both individuals and the nation. This belief further heightens their concerns about the affordability of higher education, which has seen growth in its cost to students and families outstrip the rate of inflation for decades. Given technology’s impact in creating efficiencies and improving performance in other economic sectors, many see it as a critical tool for reducing, if not reversing, the rate of growth in higher education costs and thus preserving access to higher education for moderate- and low-income students.
Technology’s potential to support affordability depends heavily on institutional capacity to adapt academic and administrative processes to capture the efficiencies and performance improvements technology may offer. Some argue, though, that adapting existing business models may not be enough. They stress that technology makes entirely new higher education business models possible, particularly via online learning, and that these new models are the key to a lower-cost, higher-outcomes future. Regardless of whether higher education faces evolution, revolution, or both, the ever-growing demand for and necessity of higher education will challenge institutions to use technology to reduce costs, increase access, and improve outcomes.
The following resources include information on how to keep college affordable, from government guidelines on providing prospective students transparent college costs to new higher education business models.
President Obama’s Blueprint for Keeping College Affordable and Within Reach for All Americans, White House, January 2012. President Obama explains the importance of a shared responsibility by the federal government, states, and colleges and universities to work together to keep higher education affordable for Americans.
College Affordability and Transparency Center
- College Abacus enables students to compare projected financial aid packages across schools and to identify schools within their budgets.
- A Gamble with Consequences: State Lottery-Funded Scholarship Programs as a Strategy for Boosting College Affordability,
American Association of State Colleges and Universities (AASCU) Policy Brief, Septebmer 2014. This policy brief discusses the evolution of state lottery-funded scholarship programs and provides a critical look at both the benefits and drawbacks in the programs' design and outcomes. The paper reveals that, when examining these programs through the frameworks of finance, college access and affordability, and issues of politics and philosophy, many unintended and detrimental consequences may arise.
New Financial Business Models
"Technology and the Broken Higher Education Cost Model: Insights from the Delta Cost Project," EDUCAUSE Review, September/October 2012. This article illuminates the idea that unless the use of technology—whether in instruction or in the operation of the institution—is guided by an understanding of higher education costs and cost structures, its use will not fix the problem of a broken higher education cost model.
"Chapter 9: Western Governors University," Game Changers, May 2012. Western Governors University (WGU) was designed using technology to provide education that is accessible, flexible, and affordable without compromising quality. The founding governors knew that technology must take a transformational role in education in order to change the way we measure learning, expand the notion of how learning happens, and make possible learning that can take place anytime, anywhere. WGU has continued to provide affordable education at per-student tuition of approximately $6,000 for a 12-month year. Students, on average, graduate with a bachelor’s degree in 30 months, compared to a 60-month average for other institutions.
"Chapter 14: University of the People," Game Changers, May 2012. A key focus of the University of the People is to serve as a model for universities and governments by encouraging an industry-wide, global drop in education prices as it models the delivery of higher education at significantly less expense with its creative infrastructure. At its core, this innovative university hopes to create positive change in worldwide higher education through its disruptive effect.
"Rethinking Higher Education Business Models," March 2012. Information technology has long been seen as a major key to meeting this challenge, but the results thus far have been disappointing. In this brief from the Center for American Progress, the authors argue that the fault is not with the technology but rather in the ways it has been deployed.
Fixing the Broken Textbook Market: How Students Respond to High Textbook Costs and Demand Alternatives, U.S. Pirg Education Fund and The Student PIRGS, January 2014. During the fall of 2013, the Student PIRGs conducted a survey of 2,039 students from more than 150 different university campuses.
"Case Study 21: Shaping the Path to Digital: The Indiana University eTexts Initiative", Game Changers, May 2012. This case study focuses on the use of digital textbooks for cheaper and better access to content. This case study describes a pilot study to full implementation at Indiana University (IU), which is now in a trial phase at five peer institutions.
"Dramatically Bringing Down the Cost of Education with OER: How Open Education Resources Unlock the Door to Free Learning," February 2012. This issue brief from the Center for American Progress and EDUCAUSE seeks to provide a substantive understanding of OER and at the same time inform the emerging public debate over their use in public education. It is important that OER be part of the broader conversation concerning spiraling education costs and the need to make education more accessible and affordable at all levels.
Library Items on this Topic
EDUCAUSE Library Items for Affordability
- Technology and the Broken Higher Education Cost Model: Insights from the Delta Cost Project
September 5, 2012
Rita Kirshstein is the Director of the Delta Cost Project and a Managing Director at the American Institutes for Research. Jane Wellman is the Founding Director of the Delta Cost Project and t…
- The Future of Higher Education
July 27, 2012
This Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project report surveyed over 1000 internet users and experts on how they saw higher education in the year 2020. Many respondents agreed t…
- ERO Podcast: Chief of Staff for the Khan Academy, Jessica Yuen
September 5, 2012
In this podcast, we talk with Chief of Staff for the Khan Academy, Jessica Yuen. In our conversation, she discusses the Khan Academy's use of analytics, attitude toward affordability for stu…
- The analytics journey is not for the faint of heart
July 23, 2012
We learn much from spectacular success but we learn even more from failure. Such is the case with the use of analytics in both the public and private sectors. Education is no exception. Most edu…
- ED to Release Model Financial Aid Award Letter Tomorrow, Systems Implications Not Yet Resolved
July 23, 2012
The U.S. Department of Education held a conference call this afternoon to announce that it will release its model financial aid award letter (i.e., the financial aid "shopping sheet") t…
- The California State University Affordable Learning Solutions for Faculty, Students, and Higher Education Institutions
October 16, 2013
A session at the EDUCAUSE Annual Conference 2013
The CSU Affordable Learning Solutions (ALS) initiative reduces the cost of course materials by providing faculty and students with choices of affordable and accessible digital content. We will show…
- Rethinking Higher Education Technology
May 9, 2012
Stephen Laster is Chief Information Officer, Harvard Business School. He is Editor of the EDUCAUSE Review Viewpoints department for 2012. These are interesting times for hig…
- Case Study 21: Shaping the Path to Digital: The Indiana University eTexts Initiative
May 2, 2012
A case study from Game Changers Brad Wheeler and Nik Osborne This chapter is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License Introduction The risi…
- Case Study 2: The Open Course Library of the Washington State Colleges
May 2, 2012
A case study from Game Changers Tom Caswell This chapter is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License This case study describes an initiative o…
- Chapter 14: University of the People
May 2, 2012
A chapter from Game Changers Shai Reshef This chapter is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License Introduction Let us think of educati…