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Identity theft occurs when someone uses an individual's personal information — such as Social Security number, birth date, or credit card and bank account information — to impersonate the victim in financial transactions. During the 2003 calendar year, the Federal Trade Commission received nearly 215,000 reports of identity theft, up from 162,000 the previous year. Identity theft represented 42 percent of all complaints received by the FTC, reflecting a growing trend.
Several recent incidents have highlighted the susceptibility of college and university data collections to theft. At the University of Texas, New York University, and elsewhere, security flaws have revealed students' Social Security numbers and other personally identifiable information. Federal legislation has made it easier for victims of identity theft to report crimes and for consumers to get copies of their credit histories; many states have passed or are debating legislation related to this issue.
EDUCAUSE has identified links concerning identity theft that may be useful to the higher education community. Many of these links have been contributed by EDUCAUSE members. If you have additional resources you would like to include on this page, send the information to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Federal Government Resources
Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACTA) of 2003
FACTA renewed the Fair Credit Reporting Act with additional provisions aimed at protecting consumers from identity theft. The law provides for individuals to get free annual copies of their credit histories; requires businesses to hide Social Security numbers and portions of credit card numbers on receipts; and creates a national fraud - detection system so victims of identity theft do not have to notify each credit bureau separately.
The Federal Trade Commission's National Resource for ID Theft
The FTC has developed this site as a national resource for identity theft. It provides a list of steps to take for individuals who believe that their identity has been stolen. Resources include an identity theft survey, affidavit, statistics, and other helpful links. Information is in English and Spanish.
Identity Theft and Your Social Security Number
Social Security Administration (SSA) publication No. 05-10064, from February 2004.
OnGuardOnline.gov provides practical tips from the federal government and the technology industry to help you be on guard against Internet fraud, secure your computer, and protect your personal information.
U.S. Department of Education, Office of the Inspector General - Resource on Identity Theft for Students
Copies of informational handouts on identity theft designed for schools to provide to students.
State Government Resources
National Conference of State Legislatures
Identity theft statutes by state. List of citations, titles, and penalties.
Florida Attorney General
The state of Florida's Identity Theft Response Center. Resources include a theft victim kit, statistics, and informaton on preventing theft.
Association and Nongovernmental Organization Resources
Identity Theft Resource Center (ITRC)
ITRC is a national organization dedicated to helping people to prevent and recover from identity theft. Resources include FAQs, scams and consumer alerts, current laws, and guides for organizing an identity theft case.
Identity Theft University - Business Partnership Michigan State University
The partnership includes MSU researchers who are working with industry to make personal data more secure. This site includes information on technological, legal, psychological, and policy issues related to identity theft.
Privacy Rights Clearinghouse
Fact sheets on identity theft, in English and Spanish.
University Resources on Identity Theft and Data Security Incidents
Library Items on this Topic
EDUCAUSE Library Items for Identity Theft
- New FTC Resource: Fighting Fraud with the Red Flags Rule
April 1, 2009
The Federal Trade Commission has published a new resource called "Fighting Fraud with the Red Flags Rule" . Although subtitled as a "A How-To Guide for Business", it addres…
- FTC's SSN Report Recommends Stronger Authentication Practices Among Other Measures
December 24, 2008
The Federal Trade Commission has issued its final report on "Security in Numbers: SSNs and ID Theft" . The report, based upon extensive fact-finding by the FTC that included a work…
- Final FERPA Rules Announced by Department of Education
December 9, 2008
The U.S. Department of Education, through its Family Policy Compliance Office , has issued its Final Rules on the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). The rules cover a variety …
- What Price Insularity? Reflections About Computer Security Failings
January 4, 2008
Why is it risky for technologists to ignore the nontechnical context where their systems will be deployed? Furthermore, what is the risk when policymakers ignore the limits and potential of techn…
- The University's Role in Advancing Data Encryption, Part 2
November 2, 2007
"Identity theft is one of the fastest-growing cyber-crimes, and, as a result, 38 states have identity theft legislation -- with some states using encryption as a safe haven," said South…
- Training Your Staff to Protect SIS Data
September 5, 2007
"No matter how robust your firewall, trained faculty and staff are your first line of defense against system breaches." "No matter…
- Personal Information: Data Breaches Are Frequent, but Evidence of Resulting Identity Theft Is Limited; However, the Full Extent Is Unknown
June 4, 2007
In recent years, many entities in the private, public, and government sectors have reported the loss or theft of sensitive personal information. These breaches have raised concerns in part becaus…
- EDUCAUSE LIVE! Podcast: ID Theft Red Flags
October 23, 2008
This fifty-eight minute podcast features Naomi Lefkovitz, Attorney for the Division of Privacy and Identity Protection at the Federal Trade Commission. PowerPoint slides are also available fo…
- Identity Theft: Innovative Solutions for an Evolving Problem
January 1, 2007
Written Testimony of Jim Davis, Associate Vice Chancellor, Information Technology Chief Information Officer at the University of California, Los Angeles. This testimony was presented before the Su…
- Free EDUCAUSE Webcast 10/22/08 on Identity Theft Rules
October 8, 2008
New federal regulations to address identity theft go into effect November 1, 2008, and are likely to affect colleges and universities in nuanced ways. Compliance will require careful study and co…